Juneteenth is a federal holiday in the United States commemorating the emancipation of enslaved African-Americans celebrated annually on June 19. If June 19 lands on a Saturday or Sunday, the holiday is observed by business offices on the Monday or Friday closest to the Saturday or Sunday on which the date falls.
The 158th anniversary of Juneteenth will take place on June 19. Juneteenth celebrates and honors the end of slavery in the United States by marking the day in 1865 when Union troops arrived in Galveston, Texas and General Granger announced the following:
"The people of Texas are informed that in accordance with a Proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired laborer."
Although the Emancipation Proclamation had been issued by President Lincoln on January 1, 1863 and Confederate General Robert E. Lee had surrendered on April 9, 1865 in Virginia, the enslavement of approximately 250,000 Black Americans in Texas had remained relatively unaffected until the arrival of Union troops.
In 1979, Texas was the first state to designate Juneteenth as a holiday, with many other states following suit. Juneteenth became a federal holiday in 2021 but is considered the longest running African American holiday in the United States.